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Study of the Ecology of Avifauna of Ujani Wetland for Long Term Conservation and Sustainable Management of the Wetland

The Ujani Dam, situated at the confluence of Solapur, Ahmednagar, and Pune districts in Maharashtra, has gained recognition as a significant "Birds Biodiversity Hotspot." This distinction arises from its role in providing a microhabitat that supports a diverse range of both migratory and non-migratory bird species. The dam's backwater, particularly during the winter season, serves as a crucial home for a large number of migratory birds.

Wetlands, like the one created by the Ujani Dam, are renowned for their ability to sustain a rich variety of flora and fauna.

The reservoir's ecosystem, attracts several resident and migratory bird species. Among the migratory birds observed in the Ujani Dam area are the Bar-headed Goose, Gulls, Wagtails, Greater and Lesser Flamingo, Terns, Osprey, Swallows, Black-tailed Gadwall, Shoveler, and more.

The primary objective of the Ujani Dam project is to provide comprehensive ecological information about bird abundance, distribution and migration patterns in the region. This involves studying the diverse bird species present, understanding their habitats and behaviors, and documenting the timing and routes of their migratory patterns. Such information is crucial for the conservation and management of the dam's ecosystem, as well as for the broader understanding of avian biodiversity in the region.

This study will help us to know more about migratory and non-migratory bird and help us to contribute to the conservation and sustainable management of the Ujani Dam ecosystem and its avian inhabitants. 

The project is funded by Maharashtra Forest Department.

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